LAODICEA

LAODICEA, city in phrygia on the river Lycus. There is preserved in Josephus a letter from the Laodicean authorities to a Roman official (Ant. 14:241–3). In it the Laodiceans inform the official that they had received a letter from him through a representative of the high priest Hyrcanus (most probably hyrcanus ii ) concerning the permission given to the Jews to live in accordance with their ancestral laws. They add that they have complied, as they were averse to arousing the displeasure of the authorities. It is thus clear that Laodicea possessed a Jewish settlement which was protected from discrimination by the intervention of Rome. Some scholars date the document as early as the time of Hyrcanus I but this is questionable. There is however other evidence that there were Jews in Laodicea, or at least in its vicinity, by the second century B.C.E. Josephus (Ant. 12:147–53) quotes an order of Antiochus III with reference to the settlement in Phrygia and   Lydia of 2,000 families of Jewish soldiers from Mesopotamia. This makes it possible to establish the date of the Jewish settlement in the areas around Laodicea, and is also of great importance with regard to Jewish settlement in Asia Minor in general. Cicero states that 20 talents of Jewish gold destined for the Temple of Jerusalem were confiscated by L. Valerius Flaccus in Laodicea, 61–60 B.C.E. (Pro Flacco 28:68). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: W.M. Ramsay, Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia, 1 (1895), 32; Neubauer, Geog, 299; D. Magie, Roman Rule in Asia Minor, 2 vols. (1950), 127, 986–7 and index. (Uriel Rappaport)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Laodicea — ( el. Λαοδίκεια), also transliterated as Laodiceia or Laodikeia was the name for at least seven Hellenistic cities, which were named for one of the several queens named Laodice in the Seleucid dynasty. The Greeks distinguished such cities by… …   Wikipedia

  • Laodicea — • A titular see, of Asia Minor, metropolis of Phrygia Pacatiana, said to have been originally called Diospolis and Rhoas; Antiochus II colonized it between 261 and 246 B.C., and gave it the name of his wife, Laodice Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Laodicea — ist der Name folgender Titular(erz)bistümer: Laodicea in Syria (ital.: Laodicea di Siria), Titularerzbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche Laodicea in Syria per i Maroniti (ital.: Laodicea di Siria per i Maroniti), Titularbistum der katholischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laodicea — es una ciudad del antiguo Imperio Seléucida, establecida entre 261 a. C. y 245 a. C. por el rey Antíoco II Teos y nombrada en honor de su esposa Laodice. Estaba ubicada a unos 6km al norte de la actual ciudad turca de Denizli …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laodicea — Laodicēa, grch. Laodikeia, im Altertum Stadt im südwestl. Phrygien (jetzt Eski Hissar), von Antiochus II. (261 246 v. Chr.) erbaut …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Laodicea — Laodicea, Stadt in Phrygien, bekannt durch die Concilien von 363 (Verzeichniß der canonischen Schriften) und 476 (Verurtheilung des Eutyches, s. d.). – L. in Syrien. das heutige Latikiah, war durch seinen Wein berühmt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Laodicea — es una ciudad del antiguo Imperio Seléucida, establecida entre 261 adC y 245 adC por el rey Antíoco II Teos y nombrada en honor de su esposa Laodice. Estaba ubicada a unos 6km al norte de la actual ciudad turca de Denizli (Turquía), en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Laodicea — [lā äd΄i sē′ə, lā′ə dəsē′ə] 1. ancient city in Phrygia, SW Asia Minor 2. ancient name for LATAKIA2 (the seaport) …   English World dictionary

  • LAODICEA — I. LAODICEA Mediae urbs cuius Paulus ad Coloss. c. 4. v. 15. et 16. meminit. Eius Ep increpat fil. Dei, Apoc. c. 2. v. 18. Terrae motu, sub Nerone, destructa, opibus incolarum postmodum iterum reparata est. Tertull. c. Marc. Epiphan. haer. 42.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Laodicea — /lay od euh see euh, lay euh deuh /, n. ancient name of Latakia. * * * ▪ ancient cities, Asia       the ancient name of several cities of western Asia, mostly founded or rebuilt in the 3rd century BC by rulers of the Seleucid dynasty, and named… …   Universalium

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